Mice reproduce and adapt to new environments quickly making them one of the most versatile pests on the planet. Indeed, there are countless stories of the impact of mice as they have been inadvertently delivered by man to new locales around the world. Take the Galapagos Islands as an example. World explorers brought the first mice to the Islands several hundred years ago, and today local governments are considering mice control methods in an effort to protect the biodiversity of the Galapagos. Today, we find mice and rats pretty much everywhere we find humans, especially as traditional mouse habitats are depleted by the growth of towns and cities.
Because mice are so adaptable, they can be very difficult to control as pests. While some mice populations have become dependent on humans for food, others have been known to overtake natural habitats to the detriment of indigenous species. Moreover, as cities grow and flourish so do mice – food sources become more abundant, and mice replicate. And throughout history, mice have had a significant impact on human health. They help with the spread of disease, the contaminate food and water sources, and despite efforts to eradicate mice, their populations continue to grow.
The Effects of Mice in your Home
As already mentioned, mice have historically been carriers of disease. They helped ensure the spread of the Black Plague in the 1600s, and today they continue to contaminate food. However, mice can also cause extensive damage to your property and belongings. They can chew through electrical wiring and household fixtures, while also causing damage to siding, flooring, and insulation. Mouse droppings are unsanitary, and when mice die in your home there are even more associated problems.
Ultimately, mice are very difficult to eradicate. Even if you believe you have sealed every entry point in your home, mice are crafty and likely to find a way to the food in your home. Once an infestation is established, it spreads as quickly as mice reproduce. Mice can begin to reproduce at about 40 days of age and the average gestation period of a mouse is just 20 days. Mouse litters average 10-12, so as you can see, a population of mice can grow rapidly. In most cases, to completely eradicate a mouse infestation, you will need to contact a professional pest control company.
Nevertheless, some people will want to control these pests on their own. Do-it-yourself pest control must first start with sealing off entry points to your home. Next, you should purchase some mouse traps and place them in areas of your home that you know mice inhabit. Traps should be baited (peanut butter makes an excellent bait), and dead mice should be wrapped in plastic and put in the garbage. Still, a word of warning: removing mice from your home or business will be very difficult. If your early pest control efforts are unsuccessful, call Care Pest.